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The Amazon Region – Tambopata Lodge – Travel Agency

The Amazon Region, being located in the north eastern sector of the Peruvian territory, near the equatorial line and in an area of ​​transition between the Andes and the Amazonian plain, presents diverse gradients of ecological floors that give origin to a varied mosaic of ecosystems and life zones that harbor a great diversity of species of flora and fauna considered endemic and of high value and priority for conservation at a regional, national and global level (Manu National Park, Tambopata Reservation, Lake Sandoval Reserve).

However, the ecological crisis that our planet is currently going through is threatening to deteriorate all this natural wealth. The ecological crisis, being a global process, has led to an intense debate on environmental problems, promoting a series of agreements and international commitments with the aim of reducing and cushioning these risks – Tambopata lodge.

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), signed by Peru, has guided the adoption of policies for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity in the form of national strategies. Due to the importance of the Amazon for national and global biodiversity, the process of preparation of the Regional Strategy for Amazonian Biological Diversity within the framework of the National Strategy for Biological Diversity, which was promoted by the Focal Points of the Amazonian departments of Loreto, Ucayali, San Martín and Madre de Dios – Puerto Maldonado – Tambopata tours.

Aware of this process and the environmental reality in the Amazon region, the Regional Government and the BIODAMAZ project, considered a prior need a similar process of awareness in relation to the resources of biodiversity regional, which results in proposals for policies and activities to guide the conservation and sustainable use of resources in the region of our Peruvian Amazon.

In this way, Amazonas initiates the process for the elaboration of its Regional Strategy of Biological Diversity, that can be defined as the management tool that will serve to guide, order and prioritize the actions leading to the achievement of the objectives for the conservation and sustainable use of the biodiversity and to achieve the sustainable development of the region, promoting the fair and equitable distribution of the benefits, among the actors of the Amazonian society, This document contains a summary of the situation of the biological diversity of the Amazon region, and It is divided into nine significant topics. They analyze the situational state of the different aspects of this diversity, concluding with a SWOT analysis that serves as a basis for the construction of the strategic framework and allows prioritizing some lines of work with tambopata lodge.

Among the important data is that Amazonas is a privileged region in which there are 21 life zones of a total of 84 that occur in the country. According to the evaluation studies of the State of Conservation of the Earth Ecoregions of Latin America (WWF-World Bank, 1995), the main type of ecosystem found in Amazonas is the Tropical Broadleaf Forest, which contains three main types of habitats: Tropical Broadleaf Humid Forests; Broadleaf Tropical Dry Forests and Montane Grasslands, belonging to the Amazon, Central Andes and North of the Andes bioregions. Additionally, studies show that there are six ecoregions in Amazonas: Yungas Peruanas (30%), Montane Forests of the Eastern Cordillera Real (26%), Humid Forests of the Ucayali River (16%), Humid Forests of the Napo River (14%) ), Dry Forests of the Marañón (10%), and Páramo of the Central Mountain Range (4%) in our Peruvian jungle.

STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK IN THE AMAZON REGION:

The strategic framework of the Amazon Biodiversity Regional Strategy has been developed in a participatory process in Peru, where those involved have contributed to the construction of a concerted vision on biological diversity for the region and with clear objectives that contribute to achieving that vision , which are presented below.

Vision in the Amazon Region:

By 2021, the Amazon Region values ​​its Amazon-Andean identity, and sustains its development in the knowledge, conservation and sustainable use of its biodiversity in the Peruvian jungle. It develops sustainable economic activities and articulates ancestral cultural expressions with universal knowledge, which contributes to raising the quality of life of its population living within the Peruvian Amazon.

Mission in the Amazon Region:

The Amazonian society, led by the Regional Government, promotes the use of techniques and policies for the management of biodiversity, strengthening local initiatives, integrating them into regional, national and global processes. Implement your Strategy of Biological Diversity, develops integral capacities, and defends and spreads its biodiversity so that the sustainable use of its resources leads to improve the welfare of its population

General objective of the strategy in the Amazon region:

Conserve and sustainably take advantage of the biological diversity of the Amazon region for its sustainable development, promoting the fair and equitable distribution of the derived benefits among all the agents involved.

Specific objectives of the Amazon region:

  1. Ensure the representativeness and viability of the biological diversity of the Amazon region in Peru.
  2. Reverse the processes of deterioration of the biological diversity of the Amazon region in Peru.
  3. Establish competitive production lines based on the biological diversity of the Amazon region in Peru.
  4. Consolidate cultural diversity in relation to biological diversity in Peru.
  5. Develop a decentralized and participatory management for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity in the Peruvian Amazon.

THE BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY OF AMAZONAS IN PERU

Peru Amazon is one of the twelve megadiverse countries in the world. Its territory harbors a large number of natural resources in different forms, especially biological diversity, which constitute a special environment in which the response of man has been the generation of a great cultural diversity, expressed throughout the national territory (park National of Manu, Tambopata Reserve, Lake Sandoval Reserve). For this reason, it is extremely important for each of the inhabitants to know, value and take advantage of resources in a sustained manner, always trying to keep harmony in the relationship between man and nature with trips to the jungle. Lately this relationship has been broken by anthropic actions, which are causing a worrying loss of such resources of the Peruvian jungle. Currently, restoring balance must be a priority on the agenda of the actors (governments, producers, institutions, etc.), considering the context that environmental degradation will bring impoverishment to the general population in the Peruvian Amazon – Macaw clay lick chuncho .

From a worldwide and national effort, activities have been developed for the establishment of concerted policies, which are being assumed by the leaders of each place. In Peru Amazon, the Amazon region could not be left out of context, and with the support of several organizations, the Regional Government of Amazonas took on the challenge of conducting a process for the elaboration of a Regional Biodiversity Strategy, with the participation of all those interested in the subject, especially those who have in their hands the destiny of the resources, for the formulation of strategic actions, that allow to orient the roads and reach the longed for sustainable development – tambopata lodge.

The result of this process has been very encouraging. The motivation of the organizations and the regional population has been expressed through contributions and ideas to solve the various problems identified by them, establishing agreements and commitments in order to restore the balance man – nature and improve the quality of life of the Amazonian population – sandoval lake lodge.

I. Referential Framework of the Amazon Region of Peru

1.1 BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IN THE AMAZON:

Biodiversity or biodiversity is the variability of living organisms from any source including all terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems, the diversity of species, genes, and all the ecological complexes of which they are a part. (Convention on Biological Diversity, 1992). Other important definitions are:

Genetic diversity: variability within each species, measured by the variation of genes (chemical units of hereditary information, transmitted from one generation to another) of a species, subspecies, variety or hybrid.
Diversity of species: variation of species on land. It is measured at the local, regional or global scale. Thus, the diversity of species in our forests is expressed by the taxonomic variety of birds, amphibians, mammals, butterflies, reptiles, fish, insects, etc.
Diversity of ecosystems: community of organisms in their physical environment interacting as an ecological unit. It includes different types of habitats, landscapes and ecological processes.
Cultural diversity: different living cultures (indigenous peoples or others) that selectively use resources and propagate some of them artificially, also possess important knowledge about use, properties and management techniques.

1.2 STRATEGY OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY FOR AMAZONAS:

A strategy is a tool widely used in planning, which serves to guide, order and prioritize actions leading to the achievement of proposed objectives. In matters of biological diversity, Law No. 26839, on the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biological Diversity, in its Article 7, declares the National Strategy for Biodiversity (ENDB) as the main planning tool at the national level, especially for the fulfillment of the objectives of the CBD, of which Peru is a signatory – Tambopata lodge.

The Law states that the strategies, programs and plans of the NBT must be formulated in a participatory manner, including its results with a priority order in the development policies. The ENDB became the fundamental framework for the creation of more characterized strategies, giving rise to the Regional Strategy of the Amazonian Biological Diversity (ERDBA) published in 2001, and whose development, added to the subsequent process of national decentralization made it possible to identify Although some of the processes correspond to the Amazonian area, most of its implementation must be carried out at the local level, which evidences the need to elaborate departmental strategies with specific action plans adapted for each region belonging to the Amazons in Peru.

In this way the development of the Amazon Biological Diversity Regional Strategy (ERDB Amazonas) is proposed, based on the Amazonian strategy, which will serve as a guiding tool for activities focused not only on reversing the processes of deterioration of biodiversity resources, but also to guide the use of the goods and services that these resources provide for the inhabitants of the Peruvian Amazon.

It should be noted that this process is supported by the Organic Law of Regions (Law No. 27867, amended by Law No. 27902 in its article 53º clause “c”), which grants regional governments powers to formulate, coordinate, conduct and supervise the application of the Regional Biodiversity Strategies within the framework of the respective National Strategy. In this process, the main actors responsible for developing and implementing the strategy are: the regional government, local governments, the public sector, the private sector, grassroots organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), national investors and foreigners, political organizations, international cooperation, educational institutions, research institutes, professional associations, chambers of commerce and tourism, the media, and the population of Amazonas in Peru.